Preschool & Kindergarten

We believe our Preschool will provide the best possible start to your child’s learning journey. During these early formative years, children begin to make sense of their world and develop their skills and knowledge. Quality learning experiences are therefore essential.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) principles which guide the work of our Preschool (and are enhanced by the Montessori philosophy of education) are grouped into four distinct but complementary themes:

–  A Unique Child

–  Positive Relationships

–  Enabling Environments

–  Learning and Development

The Montessori Method

Montessori is an educational approach for children based on the research and experiences of Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori (1870–1952). Through her experimental observation of young children, she believed she had discovered “the child’s true normal nature.” She created an environment prepared with materials designed for a child’s self-directed learning. The method itself aims to duplicate this experimental observation of children to bring about, sustain and support their true natural way of being by creating the right learning environment.

Montessori in Early Years

Using the Montessori Method, our Early Years classes adapt their teaching and learning for each child’s current developmental stage. Each child is treated as an individual and encouraged to work at the pace that is right for them. In order to create the right learning environment, we provide Montessori materials that are especially designed for a child’s exploration and self–discovery, encouraging children to be active learners at every level.

Teaching and Class Management

Each classroom is managed by one international teacher with two teaching assistants.  They work closely together as a team so that they can deliver the curriculum to the students as effectively as possible. The style of teaching is such that the lead teacher and assistants will work with the whole group and smaller groups. Children are grouped within the class for different purposes, either in ability groups or mixed ability groups, depending on the objectives of each particular lesson.


The MIS curricula for both Preschool A and B incorporate Montessori principles with the English EYFS objectives.

The EYFS and the Montessori Areas of Learning are very easily integrated and complement each other when taught together:

The Early Year’s Foundation Stage and the Montessori Areas of Learning are very easily integrated and complement each other when taught together.

How the two curricula integrate together:

Montessori Areas of Learning

     Early Years Foundation Stage             


Communication and language Literacy



Practical Life

Personal social and emotional development

Physical Development

Expressive Arts and Design

Understanding of the world

Sensorial Learning


Expressive Arts and Design

Understanding of the world

Communication and language


Cultural Enrichment

Understanding the world

Personal social and emotional development

Communication and language


The EYFS curriculum is divided into seven key areas of learning. These are comprised of three prime areas and four specific areas:

The 3 Prime Areas

Communication and language

  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking

Physical Development

  • Moving and handling
  • Health and self-care

Personal, social, and emotional


  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behaviour


4 Specific Areas



  • Pre-reading skills (e.g. reading pictures and colours)
  • Reading
  • Pre-writing skills (e.g. drawing, scribbling, strengthening finger and hand muscles
  • Writing
  • Verbal communication


  • Numbers
  • Shapes space and measures



Understanding of the world

  • People and communities
  • The world
  • Technology



Expressive arts and design

  • Exploring and using media and materials
  • Being imaginative


At M.I.S., our curriculum is based on the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework. It provides an important link between pre-school and the more structured programme which starts when the children reach Year 1 at age 5+. Influences from other curricula may also be apparent throughout the teaching approach taken in the classroom. These include the best elements of Montessori, which continue to be at the forefront of research-based curricula around the world.


In our kindergarten class, children continue to follow the EYFS with equal emphasis given to all seven areas of learning. We also continue the thematic approach to planning with the children’s own interests being at the forefront of all classroom activities.

At the foundation stage, the children’s learning is carefully planned within the following seven areas of learning. There are three ‘prime’ areas of learning which lay the foundation for children’s success in all other areas of learning and life:

  • Communication and Language involves giving children opportunities to speak and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.
  • Personal Social and Emotional Development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
  • Physical Development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive, and to develop their coordination, control and movement.

There are four ‘specific’ areas of learning which introduce children to the kind of work they will encounter in Primary school:

  • Literacy involves encouraging children to read and write, both through listening to others reading and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves. At the stage the children are introduced to daily literacy sessions where they begin to experience a little more structure and formality to the day. This helps prepare children for their subsequent move to Year 1. During their literacy lessons children will be introduced to the synthetic phonics programme “Song of Sounds”. Synthetic phonics provides our children with the tools they need to begin reading during the kindergarten year. 

We also use the very popular Oxford Reading Tree reading scheme to teach the children to read in finely graded and progressive stages.

Child-led activities, such as imaginative role-play and games, are also a key feature. These allow children to build their understanding through ‘hands-on’ activities such as role-play and games.

  • Numeracy involves providing children with opportunities to practice and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, spaces and measures. At M.I.S. we use the Collins “Busy Ants” Maths Foundation scheme of work. The teaching and learning framework provided by this scheme includes adult-led activities involving stories, songs, rhymes and discussions on everyday experiences using mathematical language. 
  • Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
  • Expressive Arts and Design involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement to share their thoughts and ideas.

In each area of learning there are expectations of attainment known as the early learning goals. The lessons and activities that are provided across the timetable serve to develop and consolidate the skills the children need to meet these learning goals across the seven areas of learning.

Finally, at M.I.S. we aim to develop a cooperative environment where children, parents and teachers can all learn together to make this journey one of true discovery.